Critical thinking is the skill needed for all aspects of life. As M. Scott Peck says, “Life is a series of problems.” Best to be able to solve them.
Personal Leadership Development
Personal Leadership means being able to manage oneself. Peter Drucker famously wrote: “Now most of us, even those of us with modest endowments, will have to learn to manage ourselves. We will have to learn to develop ourselves. We will have to place ourselves where we can make the greatest contribution” (Drucker, HBR Leadership Fundamentals, p. 7).
Managing ourselves is a primal skill because at our core we default to being emotional, rationalizing beings. Today we refer to the skills that manage our primal instincts as emotional intelligence: “The key…to making primal leadership work to everyone’s advantage lies in the leadership competencies of emotional intelligence [EI]: how leaders handle themselves and their relationships” (Goleman, Primal Leadership, p. 6).
For example, if you tracked high IQ people over time, who would rise to the top of organizations and stay there? You guessed it: emotionally intelligent people.
Vocational and Career Discernment
Like Critical Thinking and Personal Leadership Development, Vocational Discernment is a necessary skill for success. Vocational Discernment, however, not only defines success differently, it empowers the development of Critical Thinking and Emotional Intelligence skills — more than any extrinsic motivator ever could. And it is not a gift to be achieved, but received.
Note Vocational Discernment is different that Career Discernment. Although they could be the same, they don’t usually entirely overlap. One might say that one’s Vocation transcends and transforms one’s career, much like one’s eulogy virtues might transcend and transform one’s resume virtues (David Brooks).
A Gift To Be Received
Some people find success by learning the rules of the game and using them to get ahead. Others break all the rules, or at least some of them. “I believe that God doesn’t want us to be satisfied with just the status quo. I think in a sense everyone is called to be an entrepreneur in a way. We are all called by God to approach life as an opportunity to use our skills that God has given us to better the world for the glory of God” (Jordan Rose).
Another work for calling is vocation: “True vocation joins self and service, as Frederick Buechner asserts when he defines vocation as ‘the place where your deep gladness meets the world’s deep need’” (Parker Palmer).
Interestingly, David Brooks tells us that we don’t find out calling, it finds us. That may be true. As Parker Palmer writes, “Today I understand vocation quite differently — not as a goal to be achieved but as a gift to be received” (Parker Palmer).
In other words, it is a gift to be called to make the world a better place doing that which combines one’s deep gladness and the world’s deep need. The concept that pulls those concepts together, believe it or not, is Holiness. Can striving for holiness lead to joy?
Our Vocation Is To Become Holy
We are called to holiness (big “C” calling). In other words, God intends for us to be perfect. But perfection is not something we can obtain this side of heaven. However, in accepting it and then seeking it we can experience wisdom and joy! Joy and wisdom come from radical dependence on God and interdependence on others. Sounds crazy!
We can strive toward holiness, believe it or not, by accepting we have a calling and seeking to discern, develop, and deploy it (little “c” calling). Doing so is incredibly empowering and motivates us to become even better at critical thinking and personal leadership. There is nothing more energizing than doing that which brings us fulfillment and joy.
Discerning, Developing, Deploying
Development can occur when our Adam II transcends Adam I (when our eulogy virtues begin transcending our resume virtues), and our “fundamental” state of leadership transcends our “normal one” such that it reflects the fruits of the Spirit. It is no long conforming to the pattern of the world (Romans 12:1,2).
Deployment can occur when we actively pursue God and his will in our work. This is also the source of wisdom, which is both understanding and practice, “for we do not understand until and unless we live this understanding” (Gordon Smith).
Therefore, if we wish to set students up for success, we need to enhance their critical thinking and personal leadership skills. But most of all, we need to help them accept and discern, develop, and deploy their gifts and calling. How do we do that? In the classroom but also outside of the classroom via experiential learning and mentoring.
What is experiential learning? Learning that includes:
- Reflection, critical analysis and synthesis
- Opportunities for initiative, decision-making, and accountability
- Holistic learning: learning that engages the head (intellect), heart (emotions), soul (beliefs and values), and hands (physical engagement)
Which learning opportunities bring us joy? Why? Which meet the the world’s deep needs? How?